A face transplant is surgery to replace the face of an individual part or entirely new. This procedure is often imitated in old spy movies; the villain gets to hide his true identity to the police. The process takes only a few hours and it works perfectly. However, in real life, a face transplant is not as easy. Clinicians waited until 1994, when a 9-year-old in northern India lost her face and scalp in a threshing accident in order to perform a face transplant. At that time, doctors have lost face to connect the base – and all the arteries. Since then, the procedure has changed.
How is a face transplant performed?
A face transplant operation is a technique that is 8 to 12 hours and includes six basic steps. Everyone must be done correctly for the transplant work. They are:
Step 1: The donor was found. Race, gender and age examined research. These things increase the chances of a match aesthetic.
Step 2: Compatibility is tested by HLA typing. HLA typing control or proteins on the surface of skin tissue. It helps doctors to see if the immune system will accept or reject the automatic face transplant.
Step 3: The donor’s face is surgically removed. That is cut from a deceased donor and placed on ice until it can be transported to the surgery.
Step 4: The face of the beneficiaries is surgically removed. Everything is cut, except the underlying muscles. This includes fat, nerves and blood vessels.
Step 5: the underlying nerves and muscles are connected to the donor. Surgeons use tiny needles and thread to connect the nerves, muscles, arteries and veins in the face of the recipient. This ensures good blood circulation.
Step 6: The new face is attached. The face of the donor is wrapped around the recipients of the foundation and put in place. Although only six facial movements, each of which requires a group of experts to pull off. The expert report must be a set of special abilities, so that the process is successful. The recovery time is the face of transfer is about two weeks.
That is a good candidate for a face transplant?
A face transplant is rarely done on the whole thing. A man or a woman receiving a face transplant is usually done under duress. He or she was in a terrible accident or suffering traumatic disease that has marred the face. The graft is done to maintain the quality of life of the recipient. However, even in this situation, the overall health of the potential recipient must be considered by the risk of death.
What are the advantages and falls for a face transplant?
The obvious benefit of facial movement is the social acceptance. People with facial deformities often attract unwanted attention from the media, the struggle to find a paid job, and sometimes love. Transfer face is one way doctors can help improve the overall quality of their lives. Still, it’s price.
The immune system in the human body is powerful. As a result, face transplants are often rejected. Immunosuppressive drugs are prescribed to transplant recipients’ face, which helps. However, during a long period of time, these drugs can cause cancer, kidney infections and malfunctions. Furthermore, if the recipient may need more surgery.
How can a person get a face transplant?
Face transplants are not available because they require a team of surgeons at the hospital and approval. The best way for a person to see if he or she can get to work with a primary care physician. A primary care doctor can give an initial assessment and not part of the leg work to get a team of specialists together. Ready to get face transplant?